Clicker:  This is a small device which makes a distinct clicking noise when pressed.  It is used as a ‘marker’ for precisely  marking desirable behavior which is subsequently rewarded.

Treat Bag: A place to hold your treats.  Mine is from Karen Pryor Academy and features a spring loaded opening/closing mechanism which keeps the bag in the open or closed position until changed.  It is accessible as well as thin and discreet, with just enough room for essentials you might need or want (pet waste bags, business cards, spare clicker, etc..)

Treats:  The higher the value treat, the greater the motivation to perform.  If your dog walks away from an opportunity to earn a treat, you should evaluate if the treat offered is high enough in value.  Each dog is different. 

Leash:  Classic, braided, six foot, leather, $18 buck on Amazon leash...accept no substitutes.  Properly utilized, this is a cueing and communication tool every bit as valuable as the two cans and strings from your childhood.

Harness:  This is to brace the dog (stop and hold) and/or relocate the dog quickly in an emergency without injury to the very sensitive neck area.  I get a lot of mileage out of a standard flat buckle collar and I use training, not corrections to get lovely walking behavior.

Dog:  These techniques can be easily adapted to cats, mice, rabbits, rats, birds, pigs, horses or any other animal (even fish).  I like dogs. 

Patience:  This is critical.  In the early stages, it is a bit of a ‘Catch 22’.  That is to say, your pet is learning foundational behaviors which will help to enhance learning in the future, but more difficult to teach since the foundation you are establishing hasn’t been established yet.  Once the party gets started it will be very joyous for your and furry friend alike!